Aside from the most common terms for cannabis, such as cannabinoid and indica, there is a less well-known term: terpenes. These are other compounds found in cannabis.
But what exactly are terpenes? How important is it to identify the concentrations and types of cannabis in a product before you purchase it?
Find out more from the researchers.
What Do They Actually Mean?
There are natural chemical compounds known as terpenes that are present in both plants and animals. Different types of vegetation produce different aromas, flavors, and colors. Certain cannabis strains have a distinctive taste and smell because of their terpenes.
As well as being used to make cleaning solvents and pesticides, they can also be used to make dyes and other products. Therapeutic properties are even found in some of them.
What Do They Do?
Predators and harsh weather are kept at bay by terpenes. The role of terpenes in human health is still unknown. However, cannabis consumers and cannabis researchers are increasingly using CDT terpenes to help them classify and predict the effects of cannabis products.
The idea is that the terpenes (the dominant terpenes) of a strained work in tandem and the cannabinoid composition — the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol or CBD — produce the effects people associate between different strains.
These factors could explain, for example, why two strains that have the same THC level produce such different experiences.
Are They Able to Get You High?
Terpenes don’t give you the feeling of being high in the traditional sense. Some Terpenes are still considered psychoactive as they affect the brain.
Although terpenes don’t cause intoxication alone, some people believe they can affect THC, which is responsible for the high felt from cannabis.
Many cannabis connoisseurs, budtenders, and experts say that too much attention is placed on THC content in choosing a strain. To get the desired effects, they suggest focusing on specific terpene profiles.
Research by Trusted Source indicates that some terpenes might benefit certain mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety.
How Does It Compare to THC Or CBD?
THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids are only two of more than 100 found in cannabis. However, they are the most studied and common.
Cannabinoids and terpenes may give you clues about the cannabis product, but they are two different compounds.
Several of them are believed to interact with each other in a process experts call “entourage effects.” It is believed that the “full range” of cannabis compounds, which includes all cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis, work in synergy to produce the sensations or effects of cannabis.
There might be a benefit to a little more of all things than a lot of anything.
For example, a 2010 study by Trusted Source showed that CBD and THC combined were more effective than THC for pain management.
CBD and THC combined are more effective for treating pain than THC alone, according to a study published by Trusted Source in 2010.
Compared to pure THC, cannabis extract in Petri dishes was better at killing breast cancer cells, according to a Trusted Source 2018 study. Rather than terpenes, other cannabinoids may be responsible for these synergistic effects.
CBD is worth considering if you intend to use it therapeutically. A CBD isolate is a CBD product that only contains CBD. If the effect is not what you are looking for, try a full-spectrum CBD product. It will contain other cannabinoids, terpenes, and even small amounts of THC.
The Bottom Line
Terpenes play a significant role in the taste and aroma of cannabis. Terpenes can work together with cannabinoids to produce psychoactive effects.
In spite of the plant’s more than 400 Terpenes, research into them is still in its infancy. Therefore, it isn’t easy to make any conclusive claims.
Not only can terpenes but also cannabinoids, your physiology, and past cannabis experiences can affect how you feel. Terpenes are only one part of the equation. However, they can be an exciting way to try different products and discover what you love best. Click Here to learn the different strains of high-quality cannabis-derived terpenes products available at the best price and with a lab-test report.