How is a law enacted?

The Constitution establishes that the legislative function is exercised collectively by the two Chambers (Article 70). This means that to become law a project must be approved in the same text by the House and the Senate.

What is the procedure for passing a law?

The ordinary legislative procedure continues with the assignment of the bill to the President of one of the chambers of parliament who allows the discussion, article-by-article voting and finally the final vote on the entire bill by the assembly.

Who submits a bill?


May be presented by each member of the Chambers, by the Government, by at least fifty thousand voters, by a Regional Council or by the National Council of Economy and Labor (CNEL).

What are the stages of the ordinary procedure for the approval of laws?

– legislative initiative; – examination and approval; – promulgation; – publication.

How is ordinary law made?

According to the art. 72 of the Constitution, every bill presented to a Chamber is, according to the rules of its regulation, examined by the commission and then by the chamber itself, which approves it article by article and with a final vote.

Related questions

What does ordinary law do?

Ordinary laws are therefore those laws approved by Parliament according to the procedure governed, in its essential lines, by Articles 70 and ss. Const. And are the most frequently used sources when the legal system intends to regulate human action.

What does ordinary law mean?

The ordinary law is a legislative act substantially adopted by the Parliament and is immediately below the Constitution. … the primary sources in which we find laws, decrees and legislative decrees; secondary sources; where we find the regulations; the tertiary sources in which we find the uses and customs.

How many stages are there in the law-making process?

the presentation of the bill (legislative initiative) the approval of the Chamber to which it was first presented. … the promulgation by the President of the Republic (who can send the law back to the Chambers for re-examination), its publication in the Official Gazette and its entry into force.

How many steps are there in the legislative process?

The process leading to the approval of a law, the so-called ‘legislative process’, is divided into four phases: Initiative, that is, the presentation of the draft law. Preliminary investigation, or the examination in the commission.

When does a law return to the House?

In fact, it is necessary to specify that each law must be approved by the two chambers in the same and identical text so that, if one chamber makes changes, the text returns to the other chamber which must approve it again.

Who is authorized to submit bills to the Chambers?

Parliamentary initiative

71 of the Constitution, is the one that “belongs to each member of the Chambers”. The owner, therefore, of the initiative is each member of Parliament (or each group), who, according to a well-established customary rule, can present the bill only to its own branch of Parliament.

Who presents the bills to the Chambers?

the bill, coming from a member of the legislative assembly to which the text is proposed (the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate of the Republic), the bill, which indicates a text presented by the executive body (the Government ).

Who authorizes the submission of bills of popular origin to the Chambers?

Art. 94. When the bills must be approved by the two chambers, those of the initiative of the regional assemblies and popular initiative are presented to the Senate of the Republic. … The text adopted by the Special Commission is submitted to the approval of each Chamber with only the final vote.

How is the decentralized procedure carried out?

c) The decentralized procedure.

It happens when parliamentary committees not only examine the bill, but also approve it. In this case, the commission carries out its work in the deliberative session as it proceeds with the approval without this taking place in front of the entire assembly.

What are the functions of the Italian Parliament?

The parliament, in addition to the legislative function, also exercises functions of control over the government and functions of political orientation. The control function is expressed in interpellations and interrogations.

When does the law become enforceable?

The law enters into force – and therefore becomes mandatory for everyone – on the fifteenth day following its publication in the Official Gazette (vacatio legis), unless the law itself prescribes a shorter or longer term.

How do the amendments work?

The amendments to the Chamber are presented in writing, by the individual Senators, by the Commission that examined the bill in the referring seat, by the rapporteur or by the Government and are usually printed and distributed at the beginning of the session.

What is the legislative procedure of the Regions?


In general, it should be noted that the Statutes govern the procedural cycle in the following phases: initiative, preliminary investigation and approval by the Board, promulgation and publication.

What is meant by an aggravated proceeding?

“The laws revising the Constitution and the other constitutional laws are adopted by each House with two successive deliberations at an interval of not less than three months, and are approved by an absolute majority of the members of each House in the second vote.

What are the stages of government formation?

The ceremony of the oath of the undersecretaries of the Italian government takes place after the signing of the appointment decrees by the President of the Republic, on the proposal of the Prime Minister. With this act the formation of the government in the Italian Republic is completely completed.

Who are the senators for life?

Current senators for life

As of 2021, six senators for life are in office: the president emeritus of the Republic Giorgio Napolitano and another five presidential nominated (Mario Monti, Elena Cattaneo, Renzo Piano and Carlo Rubbia, nominated by Napolitano, and Liliana Segre, nominated by Sergio Mattarella).

How long is the government in office?

The government lasts as long as it has the confidence of Parliament. A government takes office only provisionally with the oath: the investiture of the government becomes definitive only with the vote of confidence of both chambers.

What is the difference between constitutional law and ordinary law?

Constitutional law is a normative act, present in systems with a rigid constitution, adopted by parliament with an aggravated procedure, i.e. more complex than that envisaged for ordinary laws, which has the same rank as the constitution in the hierarchy of sources of law and may, by …

What is the DPCM?

Dpcm is the acronym for decree of the President of the Council of Ministers, and is a ministerial decree (dm) provided for by the Italian legal system.

What distinguishes law decrees from ordinary laws?

The difference is in the reasons why they are put in place. The law is the ordinary instrument, the enactment of which can however take a long time. If situations of necessity and urgency are to be faced, therefore, the decree law is issued, a quicker tool because it has been elaborated by the Government.

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