How was food stored in the past?

Cultures that had the availability of sweet substances such as sugar and honey, began to use it to preserve fresh meat and fruit: the method consisted of a first drying and then immersing the food in raw sugar or honey, thus creating a very hostile environment. to the spread of bacteria.

How was food preserved in the Neolithic?

And, in the absence of refrigerators, they used a technique that, now we can say, is very old: salting. In other words, they realized that salt acted on foods by dehydrating the food and preventing microorganisms from using the water they needed to live. They therefore prevented the food from rotting.

How was food preserved?

An environment that is too acidic or too basic inhibits the proliferation of bacteria that promote decomposition.
  1. Smoked or dried food.
  2. Salting of food.
  3. Sugar to preserve food.
  4. Brine or vinegar.
  5. Lime for preserving eggs.
  6. Underground pantry.
  7. Fermentation of food.
  8. Seal.

How were the products stored in the past?

Foods such as fresh vegetables, olives and fish such as molluscs were preserved in brine, i.e. immersed in a solution of water and salt, inside small terracotta pots.

How was the meat preserved?

The easiest way to keep fresh meat is to store it in the fridge, where it can be stored in for up to 6-7 days, depending on the cut of meat, the type of packaging and, of course, the freshness.

Related questions

How was meat preserved in the Middle Ages?

Salting was the most common way to preserve virtually any type of meat or fish, as it wiped out moisture and killed bacteria. Vegetables could also be preserved with dry salt, although pickling was more common.

How to put the meat in the freezer?

To best freeze our meat, it is best to place it, once dried, on a tray lined with paper for food or parchment paper and place it in the freezer until it freezes, WITHOUT COVERING IT FURTHER, because this would slow down the process.

What are conservation techniques used for?

Storage tends mainly both to avoid the proliferation of bacteria, fungi, molds and other microorganisms which, inside food, tend to produce waste substances toxic to humans, and to delay the oxidation of lipids, responsible for the phenomenon. rancidity.

What is the purpose of the conservation?

Food preservation: why it is essential

The purpose of food preservation is to maintain the chemical, physical and organoleptic properties unaltered, avoiding their deterioration and fully guaranteeing the safety of consumers.

How did the ancient Romans keep food?

I dolia and amphora: preservation of food for long periods. The dolia, for example, were similar to large jars with very strong walls and narrow mouths. Made of terracotta or wood, they were deposited in service areas. They were usually kept underground, to preserve the freshness of the food.

How can the main conservation techniques be classified?

Depending on the type of food and the needs, different conservation methods can be used:
  1. refrigeration;
  2. freezing;
  3. drying;
  4. vacuum packed;
  5. in oil;
  6. pickle;
  7. in salt.

What are the natural conservation methods?


Preservation with natural chemical methods is carried out by adding special substances to the product that block its deterioration, such as vinegar, salt, oil, sugar and alcohol; these substances in fact create an unfavorable environment for the development of microorganisms.

How do you smoke food at home?

Put some wood shavings and your favorite herbs in the bottom of the pot. Above, place the pastry rack with the food you want to smoke, cover everything with a lid so that the smoke does not escape. Put the pot on the stove and turn the flame to low for about an hour.

What are the ancient and modern methods of conservation?

High temperature
  • Smoking.
  • Appertization.
  • Pasteurization or pasteurization.
  • HTST pasteurization.
  • Uperization or UHT.

What was used before the fridge?

The icebox is both the environment in which ice was produced and / or stored before the invention of the refrigerator in the 1920s, and that parallelepiped-shaped container which, in a predominantly domestic environment, fulfilled the function that would later have hired the refrigerator.

What are the positive effects on a food kept in the refrigerator?

High temperatures kill bacteria. With a rapid heat treatment, in combination with high temperatures, it is possible to reduce the loss of the original organoleptic and nutritional characteristics.

What is cooking food for?

Foods are cooked to positively modify some of their characteristics such as digestibility. In fact, cooking determines processes similar to digestive ones, transforming complex chemicals into simpler ones.

Why is it better not to subject food to high temperatures for too long?

This temperature slows down the activity of enzymes and the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms. At these temperatures, however, foods must be stored for a short time, and there is no modification of the nutritional and organoleptic characteristics of the foods.

What are the techniques for preserving food at high and low temperatures?

Physical conservation methods These

include: a) low temperatures: – refrigeration: + 4 ° C; – freezing: below zero; – quick freezing or freezing (in less than 4 hours). b) high temperatures – pasteurization: from + 65 ° C to + 85 ° C; – boiling: + 100 ° C; – sterilization: + 121 ° C.

Why do we preserve food using different preservation techniques?

Storage tends mainly both to avoid the proliferation of bacteria, fungi, molds and other microorganisms which, inside food, tend to produce waste substances toxic to humans, and to delay the oxidation of lipids, responsible for the phenomenon. rancidity.

What are the techniques of preservation at high temperatures?

High temperatures

The fundamental difference is the temperature. The higher it is, the more the food will be stored, but at the same time it will have lost many of its nutrients. One of the methods of preservation with heat is pasteurization, which depending on the case is carried out at about 60-70-80 °.

How long can the meat stay in the freezer?

It depends on various factors including the cut and size. For example, the mince, frozen immediately, can be kept for 1-3 months, for the slices and the like and the slices, the period is extended up to 6-10 months. But there’s no reason to shop for 10 months of meat!

How to recognize frozen meat?

To find out if a piece of frozen meat is still good, you have to look at the surface: if you identify ice crystals larger than the normal white patina, it means that the freezer is extracting moisture from the meat and the product, once brought to room temperature. , it will be harder and drier.

How do butchers store meat?


keep the meat in the cold For this reason, it is advisable to put the meat in the fridge immediately after purchase, just as the shop assistants put the meat in the refrigerated counter at the beginning of the day, away from heat sources, for a good preservation of the meat. Butcher’s shop.

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