The Statute of the Kingdom or Fundamental Statute of the Monarchy of Savoy of March 4, 1848 (known as Statuto Albertino, from the name of the king who promulgated it, Carlo Alberto of Savoy), was the constitutional statute adopted by the Kingdom of Sardinia on March 4, 1848 in Turin .
Where is the Albertine Statute kept?
Within this huge patrimony, the Historical Museum of the State Archives certainly preserves one of the most famous documents: the Albertine Statute, promulgated by King Carlo Alberto of Savoy on 4 March 1848.
In what historical context was the Albertine statute granted?
With the decline of the Napoleonic Empire, the Restoration began in Italy, which brought back to life the absolute power of the sovereigns. … At the end of the revolutionary period the only Italian state in which the Constitution remained alive was Piedmont where Carlo Alberto in 1848 had granted the Albertine Statute.
Who granted the Albertine statute?
Albertine Statute Current denomination of the Statute of the Kingdom of Sardinia, issued by Carlo Alberto of Savoy on 4 March 1848 as “fundamental, perpetual and irrevocable law of the Monarchy”. As such, the Sa remained in force (at least formally) throughout the existence of the kingdom of Italy.
Who granted the Constitution?
The Statute had been drawn up by the king’s ministers and was, therefore, an expression of his power. In fact, it is not a question of a voted constitution but of an ottriate constitution, that is, granted, donated by the sovereign to his subjects.
What is the difference between the Albertine Statute and the Italian Constitution?
The Albertine Statute is a flexible constitutional charter (which means that it can be easily modified with an ordinary law), while the Constitution is rigid: not only not all articles can be modified, but any changes can only be made through constitutional laws. (…
What is the Italian Constitution for children?
THE CONSTITUTION IS THE FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF A STATE, It is a pact between citizens. WOMEN LIVING IN A CERTAIN TERRITORY. THE SAME WORD ALSO INDICATES THE TOGETHER OF THE BODIES THAT HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY TO ESTABLISH THE LAWS AND RULES OF COHABITATION OF THAT COMMUNITY AND OF THAT TERRITORY.
When was the Albertine Statute replaced?
On March 17, 1861, with the foundation of the Kingdom of Italy, it became the fundamental charter of the new united Italy and formally remained so, albeit with changes, until the Republican Constitution came into force on January 1, 1948.
Who are the fathers of the Italian Constitution?
Out of 504 voters, De Nicola (PLI) obtained 396 votes, Cipriano Facchinetti (PRI) 40, Ottavia Penna Buscemi (UQ) 32, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (historical Sin.) 12, Carlo Sforza (PRI) 2, Alcide De Gasperi (DC ) 1, Alfredo Proja (DC) 1.
What restrictions are placed on freedom of the press Albertine Statute?
– The Press will be free, but a law represses its abuses. However, bibles, catechisms, liturgical and prayer books cannot be printed without the prior permission of the Bishop. ” On March 26 of the same year, the “Albertine Edict on the press” (text) was issued by decree.
What is meant by the Ottriata Constitution?
ottriata, constitution In legal language, the constitutional charter, also known as the o. of the community of citizens (for …
What was the first constitutional charter of our country and what characteristics did it have?
The Constitution of the Italian Republic, in force since January 1, 1948, replaced the Statuto Albertino, an ottriate constitution (from the French term octroyée, that is, granted) by King Carlo Alberto of Savoy on March 4, 1848, then sovereign of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
What does it mean to grant the Constitution?
Set of rules that establish the order of a state and sanction the rights and duties of citizens: swearing allegiance to c.
What does article 2 of the Albertine Statute say?
Art. 2. – The State is governed by a Representative Monarchical Government. The throne is hereditary according to the Salic law.
How was our Constitution born?
The Italian Constitution is the work of the Constituent Assembly, elected by universal suffrage on 2 June 1946 after a referendum which opted for the abolition of the monarchy. Until 1955 the Constitution was not implemented as the political forces were committed to implementing only the fundamental principles.
Why did the Albertine Statute become the Italian Constitution?
The Albertine Statute became the Constitution of the new Kingdom of Italy. It was inspired by the French Constitution of 1830 and the Belgian Constitution of 1831 and was a flexible Constitution, that is, a Constitution that could be easily modified by means of ordinary laws issued by Parliament.
How many people have written the Italian Constitution?
The Commission for the Constitution, more often called the Commission of 75, was a special commission, composed of 75 members chosen from among the constituent members of the Constituent Assembly, which was charged with elaborating and proposing the draft republican constitution.
Who were the constituent fathers?
CONSTITUENT. – Constituent Assembly, or, more briefly, Constituent Assembly, generally speaking, an assembly vested with the power and respective constituent function, i.e. the function aimed at establishing the fundamental rules of the state system (constitution and constitutional laws in the material sense ).
Who were the constituent fathers and mothers?
21 women were elected out of 556 constituents: Maria Agamben Federici, Adele Bei, Bianca Bianchi, Laura Bianchini, Elisabetta Conci, Filomena Delli Castelli, Maria De Unterrichter Jervolino, Nadia Gallico Spano, Angela Gotelli, Angela Maria Guidi, Nilde Iotti, Teresa Mattei , Angelina Livia Merlin, Angiola Minella, Rita …
How can the Constitution be changed?
How to modify the Constitution Article 138 of the Constitution just mentioned makes us understand something very clear: there is only one way to modify a Constitution and that is the approval of a law revising the constitution.
What are the fundamental principles of the Constitution?
The main ones are: principles of democracy, the labor principle, of freedom, equality and pluralism. … Formal equality and substantial equality – art.
What is the Republic explained to children?
In the Republic, sovereignty belongs to the people: just as it was also in ancient Rome. The term derives from the Latin words “res” and “publica” which mean “public thing”, that is, of everyone.
How to explain article 1?
1 affirms that the people exercise sovereignty “in the norms and within the limits of the Constitution”. This statement establishes the priority of the law over all, who are bound to respect the constitution. The constitution is the set of fundamental laws on which a country is formed.
What are the articles of the Italian Constitution that mention children’s rights?
The Italian Constitution, which entered into force on January 1, 1948, dedicates four articles to children: 30, 33, 34 and 37. It is the duty of parents to support, educate and educate their children, even if born out of wedlock. In cases of parental incapacity, the law ensures that their duties are fulfilled.
What were the main differences between the Albertine Statute of 1848 and the current Constitution of the Italian Republic?
The Albertine Statute as flexible could be modified with a simple law of the Parliament, while the Italian Constitution can only be modified through a Constitutional Revision Law, but limits have been placed on the revision: the first twelve articles (the fundamental principles) do not can …
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